Foot Ulcers: The Efficacy Of Diabetic Foot Care

Decent Essays
Diabetes has become a dominating disease in the United States. The combination of inactivity, poor diet choices, and obesity are contributing to the increase of the potentially deadly disease, type 2 diabetes. The development of foot ulcers is a major concern for a patient with this disease. With proper education and adherence, foot ulcers are a completely preventable complication. Significance Statistics from the Center of Disease Control report that a total of 21 million people are presently diagnosed with diabetes in the United States. While that number is significant alone, an estimated 8.1 million people are undiagnosed (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). Diabetes is a progressive and dynamic disease with many associated…show more content…
An article published by the Journal of Clinical Nursing discusses one of the complications of diabetes and how education could possibly have a roll in prevention. The Efficacy of Diabetic Foot Care Education by Jana Nemcova and Edita Hlinkova is a research article based on the concept that proper foot care education may be an imperative element in the prevention of foot complications and ulcers in the type 2 diabetic patient. The concept of education can be applied to any patient and any diagnosis, however this articles primary focus is on the patient with type 2 diabetes. Background Despite diabetes being a ubiquitous disease, there is not a significant amount of research studies published on the importance of foot care education for the diabetic patient. Experienced researchers have expressed unsatisfcation with the sheer volume of studies focusing on educational interventions and its role in the reduction of complications. However, the researchers found compelling discrepancy and invalidity over the published evidenced. Many of them believed that sample sizes were too limited and lacking an in depth interpretation of the final results (Nemcova and Hlinkova, 2013) PICO…show more content…
Shortly after the survey was conducted, the patients were then organized under the following categories: group or individual education. A pretest was conducted prior to education to gather baseline knowledge of foot care. Those subjects were then assigned to receive education on correct diet therapy, proper foot self-examination, proper footwear selection, the influence of diabetes on peripheral extremities, and appropriate foot exercises Six months post education, another assessment was conducted in order to determine the effectiveness of the education (Nemcova and Hlinkova, 2013). Only type two diabetics participated in the assessment. A total of 100 subjects, 53 male and 47 female, with a mean age of 61 years old. The 100 participants were then classified as having either ischemic disease of lower extremities (48) or diabetic foot syndrome (52). The majority of the population were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes over 11 years ago (56), while the remaining subjects were diagnosed 1-10 years prior (44) (Nemacova and Hlinkova, 2013).
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