Forces That Drove European Imperialism

3495 WordsApr 24, 201314 Pages
Course: History 1401E Assignment: Final Essay Student: Yousif Arya Student number: 250697891 TA: Paul Z. Professor: Brock Millman Word count(excluding footnotes, title page, works cited): 2994 Question : What forces drove Europe's imperial expansion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? You may, if you wish, focus on one of the major European powers. At the turn of the 20th century, the forces of “new imperialism” motivated European empires to seek territorial acquisition abroad in the hopes of building their empire by obtaining political, economic, and social advantages over their fellow adversaries. This essay will show that the increasing imperial interests of the Great Powers inevitably united the colonized…show more content…
In recognizing his country’s need to expand its borders, British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury stated that “we only desire territory because we desire commercial freedom”. Evidently, Britain’s aspiration to protect its economic interests through colonization had an impact on other Great Powers who were in turn also driven to seek colonial expansion in order to safeguard their commercial interests. The economic forces of colonial expansion created a global economy where international trade united previously unfamiliar populations with each other. Before the birth of imperialism, many African and Asian economies were in a primitive and inefficient state lacking the modern technologies and innovations that were common in Europe. With the annexation of territories in Africa and Asia, many European powers were able to export their economic technologies and innovations to those under developing nations. Eventually, the adoption of a similar system of economic operations by both settler and non-settler states allowed international trade to be conducted. What is of utmost importance is that colonialism taught these nations the benefits and procedures of exchanging goods and capitals over borders. Through the practice of global trade, previously unknown populations were able to communicate and conduct business on an international level, thus uniting different economies and their corresponding populations. Aside from
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