Foreign Policy Problem For Nepal

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After defeating the incumbent prime minister, KP Oli is in the process of forming a new government in Nepal. His government faces daunting challenges -- both old and new. Let us start with the old challenges. Foreign policy of each country is driven by its national interest. Both India and China prefer a seamlessly friendly government in Kathmandu, which is not possible given their strategic contest and territorial conflict. This creates an irreconcilable foreign policy problem for Nepal. This problem has been so as old as the unified Nepal. King Prithivi Narayan Shah understood this conflict of interests between the two neighbors, characterized his newly unified kingdom as a yam between two large boulders, and counselled his…show more content…
Washington supported the coup staged by General Sisi to throw out the democratically chosen regime. Although western countries do not tire pledging their commitment to human rights, they continue to do deals with the most oppressive regimes in the world if they are powerful and have strategic resources like oil and uranium. Obviously, India prefers to maintain its influence in Nepal, if not increase it. The Sugauli Treaty of 1815, 1950 Treaty, shared culture, open and accessible border, Nepal 's economic reliance on India have given India certain advantages in Nepal. China is seeking to change the status quo. New Delhi punishes its smaller neighbors if they cozy up with Beijing. For instance, when Nepal bought weapons from China, India imposed economic blockade on Nepal in 1989-90. Similarly, when Bhutan moved closer to China and accepted 20 Chinese buses, India cut off its fuel subsidy to Thimpu in 2013. That brings me to the new challenges of Nepal: India 's unannounced economic embargo; implementation of the new constitution; and Nepal 's accelerated economic development. First, the embargo. a series of Indian political experiments in Nepal since 1950 suggest that New Delhi is yet to find an optimal policy framework north of its border. These experiments include the 1950 political change; efforts to integrate foreign and defence policies in the 1950s; letters of 1959, 1963, and 1965; political change of 1990; Maoist insurgency 1996-2005; 2005
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