Foreign Policy Problem For Nepal

1123 Words Oct 18th, 2015 5 Pages
After defeating the incumbent prime minister, KP Oli is in the process of forming a new government in Nepal. His government faces daunting challenges -- both old and new.

Let us start with the old challenges. Foreign policy of each country is driven by its national interest. Both India and China prefer a seamlessly friendly government in Kathmandu, which is not possible given their strategic contest and territorial conflict.

This creates an irreconcilable foreign policy problem for Nepal. This problem has been so as old as the unified Nepal. King Prithivi Narayan Shah understood this conflict of interests between the two neighbors, characterized his newly unified kingdom as a yam between two large boulders, and counselled his courtiers to keep both neighbors at arm 's length.

Over time, Nepali rulers forgot , the unifier 's counsel. Nepal fought two wars with Tibet-China and two with British India.

By losing the second war with the southern neighbor, Nepal ceded one-third of its territory, most of its fertile plains, and much of its sovereign freedom to i and isolated to its southern imperial neighbor. Jang Bahadur Rana restored some of the lost land by helping the British quell the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, but Nepal 's sovereignty lost much of its integrity.

China did not pay much attention to Nepal until in grew economically and strategically into a global power. Since the turn of the new century, Beijing has begun to take interest in Nepali politics, complicating…

More about Foreign Policy Problem For Nepal

Open Document