The second aspect we identified is that of public safety, given the nature of our work as investigators. Digital forensic investigations can have a very drastic impact on public safety from a community wide concern to that of the health and well being of a single person. Often times when a mobile device is explained by a forensic investigator, the investigation is related to a criminal matter where a person is either harmed physically harmed or harmed in the less
Professional Forensics Basics Darryl E. Gennie Dr. Bouaffo Kouame Augusta CIS 562 24 July 2016 Strayer University When building a computer forensics lab, especially when there is a budget to be adhered to, there are many aspects of design that must be considered. These include but are not limited to, hardware, software, number and type of machines, network type, physical security, network security (Denmark & Mount, 2010). Assessing what type of information processing will take place in the lab, will also help determine what type of equipment should be installed.
The relevance of appropriate storage of evidence. The crucial step of the investigation is the transport and storage of evidence recovered from the crime scene. Tightly controlled access during transport and storage will prevent any unauthorized contact and possible tampering or loss of evidence. The evidence that is recovered at the scene must reach a forensic laboratory as quickly as possible, appropriate conditions will prevent deterioration of evidence during transport and storage. Evidence might have to be stored for some years until a case goes to court or if the case is unsolved so labelling and storing evidence must be appropriately done to avoid contamination or disintegration etc.
Electronic evidence is very fragile because it can be destroyed or altered very easily, therefore it is imperative that investigators follow very careful all the procedural steps when collecting electronic evidence (Diversified Forensics). Before any electronic evidence is gathered investigators should determine whether there is probable cause that a crime has been committed, or if the crime was committed somewhere else the investigator should determine whether the electronic evidence will aid the investigation process to prove or disapprove the crime, if a warrant is needed it must be obtained prior to collecting the evidence (Diversified Forensics). Hard drives, computers, and other electronic devices must be turned off, unplug all cables,
For this reason, it is imperative that the information gathered is reliable and accurate to ensure the evidence collected can be utilized by the digital forensic investigator for the current case (Ingalls & Rodriguez, 2011). Additionally, cyber incidents require digital forensic investigators to interview various individuals regarding the information needed for the case. According to the National Institute of Justice (2004), interviewing the system administrator, users, and employees of an organization regarding a cyber incident would provide investigators with valuable information; for example, user accounts, email accounts, network configuration, logs, and passwords. Furthermore, for digital forensic investigators to conduct an effective interview, they must have the proper tools and training to employ the interview process. For instance, formal procedures or instructions should be developed and implemented to ensure that the investigator follows a standard during all investigations. Additionally, training should be provided to ensure that digital forensic investigators comprehend by what means to prepare, conduct, and evaluate an interview. Furthermore, resources should be made available for digital forensic investigators to accomplish their tasks; for example, recording devices and references. Also, definitions should be provided to the digital forensic investigators for
The work done by the crime scene investigator helps the criminal justice officials prepare criminal cases; provide reports, sketches, and photographs (Lee, 2001). The crime scene investigator also needs to be educated in giving an expert testimony in criminal court cases (Lee, 2001). This testimony must not only follow the rules of evidence but must also be able to explain, in laymen 's terms, to a jury the significance of the evidence as it relates to scientific proof. Investigators are to have the knowledge of federal and state statutes along with agency rules and regulations (Lee, 2001).
The aim of this report is to examine Computer Forensics and Anti Forensics in details, investigation and Analysis techniques, and standard set of procedures which Forensics investigators must follow
Forensic readiness is a decade old concept that many organizations have taken steps to address and implement. It involves taking steps of preparation in anticipation of a particular type of incident. This includes ensuring adequate logging for monitoring, detection, post-mortem investigation, and event reconstruction. Forensic readiness ensures that adequate staff, training, tools, and external support are all in place in advance. Forensic readiness is becoming a crucial part of risk management, and good incident preparedness helps to increase efficiency, reduce the costs of incident response, and help organizations prioritize resources (Nikkel, 2014).
Computers are common tools used by the culprits behind white-collar crimes. In order to find “culprits,” the forensic accountant will need to be able to dig deep into the company’s computer system. However, without the proper equipment, that process can prove to be very difficult. To facilitate the preservation, collection,
Before the reporting of the actual work done can start, it is important to include a section with the terms of reference. This explains the technical terms that is not generally known and any acronyms it might appear in the report. This is important for any readers that are not familiar with forensic terminology.Next a short background to the investigation must be given for the benefit other readers who are not familiar with the case the case.After the background is given, a section on the mandate must be included. This needs to explain who requested and authorized the investigation.It is also important define the scope of the investigation clearly, so that it is clear that the investigation did not venture outside of the legally authorized scope.The evidence must be clearly identified, inclusive of serial numbers and any other identification that can be used to confirm that it is the same as the evidence that was acquired. Where used, the hash codes for the evidence items should also be included to show
The world is investing heavily in significant resources and incentives relevant to forensic investigations. Forensic investigations is a specialty in which data is analyzed by experienced and trained investigators. It is important to understand and support forensic investigations for many reasons. Firstly, the ability to take presented evidence and deliver
As the lead forensics investigator for XYZ, Inc. I have just been informed that our client, HCC Partners in Life has undergone an apparent breach of its medical records system. Its IT security staff detected some discrepancies in the intrusion detection system (IDS) logs, which is an open source application called Snort that is run on a Linux platform. Furthermore, it is believed that the intrusion was made when the database administrator received a peculiar e-mail from human resources. This e-mail contained an attachment that was opened and discovered to be empty. Afterwards, the database administrator’s information system, which is a Microsoft Windows XP workstation, commenced performing peculiarly after opening the attachment.
As the lead forensic investigator for XYZ, Inc. my goal is to prepare before the investigation starts, this involves knowing the nature of the assignment and activities, prepare the tools and personnel needed to properly investigate the incident. Additionally, understanding the skill-sets required to extract digital evidence will help build the appropriate team, assign roles to staff and supervisor, and ensure the forensic investigators have appropriate background to perform the extractions needed.
The OS provides digital forensic investigators with the primary application where the files, folders, and logs of every event that has occurred involving the suspect’s information system can be located. Furthermore, this information can be utilized by the investigator’s to understand how incidents like network intrusion, malware installation, and insider file deletions have occurred. As a result, OS’s is the location where relevant information on incidents or unlawful activities can be discovered with the proper collection and examination
Keywords: Document Clustering, Forensic Analysis, Investigation, Data Mining. 1. Introduction: Recently in the world of digital technology especially in the computer world there is tremendous increase in crime like unauthorized access, money laundering etc. So, investigation of such cases is much more important task for that kind of crime investigation that’s why we need to do digital forensic