Essay about Forensic Odontology (Simplified)

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Forensic science is most simply defined as the science that is applied to the law. Criminal cases many times call for the examination of evidence that can tie a suspect or victim to a crime scene or to one another. These physical traces frequently include blood and other bodily fluids, hair, fibers, and even bite marks. Here we will focus our attention to the latter, as it applies to the field of forensic science referred to forensic odontology or forensic dentistry. Forensic odontology is the field of forensic science dealing with the recognition of unique attributes present in each individual's dental composition. This branch of forensics relies heavily on extensive and detailed knowledge of the teeth, jaws, and dental anatomy…show more content…
There are seven types of bite mark classifications and four degrees of impression used to document each mark. The classifications are the following: 1. Hemorrhage (small, bleeding spot) 2. Abrasion (mark on skin–undamaging) 3. Contusion (bruise, ruptured blood vessel) 4. Laceration (skin is punctured or torn) 5. Incision (neat tear of the skin) 6. Avulsion (skin is removed) 7. Artifact (piece of the body is bitten off)
The four degrees of impression are divided into these following categories as well: 1. Clearly defined (significant pressure) 2. Obviously defined (first-degree pressure) 3. Quite noticeable (violent pressure) 4. Laceration (skin is torn from the body) Of the types of bite marks, contusions are the most common. Females are most commonly bitten on the breasts, hands, and legs during sexual assaults and males are most often bitten on the arms and shoulders during these assaults. The bite marks from these injuries are examined to be compared with impressions or DNA from a suspect. When there are incisions these give the best 3-dimensional images of the teeth. When bite mark evidence is collected, a saliva sample is first taken from the wound by the forensic dentist. It is important to take the sample of saliva for DNA carefully so that the mark is not disturbed and other evidence is not lost. The bite mark
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