Forensic odontology is a discipline within forensic science that involves the management,

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Forensic odontology is a discipline within forensic science that involves the management, examination, evaluation and presentation of dental evidence in criminal or civil proceedings (1). The main goal of forensic dentists/odontologists is to identify humans (1, 3). Forensic dentists have many methods that are used for dental identification. Some of these methods include bite mark analysis, labeling of dental prosthesis (dentures), rugoscopy (palatal rugae which are located on the roof of the mouth), and cheiloscopy (lip prints) (1). This paper will focus on the process that forensic dentists take to identify humans using teeth, how forensic dentists conduct bite mark comparisons, the methods/techniques that are used to do these…show more content…
This is called post-mortem dental profiling (3). A post-mortem dental profile usually consists of age, ancestry, socio-economic status and sex. All this information can be derived from the teeth (3). It has been found that individuals that have a lot of dental work done are usually easier to identify than individuals that don't have a lot of work done (1, 2). After the analysis of ante mortem and post-mortem dental records, according to the American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO), one of four conclusions can be reached. These four conclusions are positive identification, possible identification, insufficient evidence and exclusion. A possible identification occurs when the ante-mortem and post-mortem dental records match with sufficient detail. The conclusion of a possible identification is arrived at when the ante-mortem and post-mortem dental records are consistent, but it is still not possible to yield an identification due to the quality of dental records. Insufficient evidence occurs when the dental records do not yield enough information to form identification. A forensic dentist is able to come to the conclusion of an exclusion when it is clearly obvious that the ante mortem and post mortem records are different (1, 2, 3). Bite marks are fairly common in forensic odontology cases. Bite marks are patterns made by teeth on

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