Formative AssessmentThe Goal Of Formative Assessment

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Formative Assessment
The goal of formative assessment is to gather feedback that can be used by the instructor and the students to guide improvements in the ongoing teaching and learning context. These are low stakes assessments for students and instructors.

Summative Assessment
The goal of summative assessment is to measure the level of success or proficiency that has been obtained at the end of an instructional unit, by comparing it against some standard or benchmark.

Examples:


Examples:





Asking students to submit one or two sentences identifying the main point of a lecture Have students submit an outline for a paper.
Early course evaluations




Assigning a grade to a final exam
Critique of a Senior recital
University
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Types of Comprehension Questions2) Inferential Questions Examples: - explain clearly / explain the contrast… - suggest how… - what do you think… - why does the author suggest… - what impression…
Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
6. Types of Comprehension Questions3) Rephrasing QuestionsP Rewrite in your own words but keep the meaningP read the phrase or sentence in its context in the passage so that your explanation is appropriate to the situation Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
7. Types of Comprehension Questions3) Rephrasing Questions Examples: - Explain the term /phrase
/sentence… - Explain in your own words… Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing
Guide
8. Types of Comprehension Questions4) Vocabulary QuestionsP Explain word or phrase meaningP a certain word or phrase is chosen from the passageP You are required to give another word or phrase bearing the same meaning as the word Adapted from O level Comprehension and Summary Writing Guide
9. Types of Comprehension Questions4) Vocabulary Questions Examples: - What does the word suggest about… - What picture do these words suggest? - What does the word ‘even’ suggest about… - What does
‘preserve the market’ mean? Adapted from O level Comprehension and

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