Fossil Fuel And Fossil Fuels

1485 WordsOct 24, 20156 Pages
Fossil fuel is a general term for buried combustible geologic deposits of organic materials. Fossil Fuels were formed from decayed prehistoric plants and animals that lived millions of years ago (Science Daily, 2015). According to the U.S Department of Energy, when these ancient living plants and animals died they decomposed and became buried under layers and layers of mud, rock, and sand (2013). Throughout millions of years, they slowly decomposed into organic material. Depending on what combination of animal and plant debris, different types of fossil fuels were formed. Fossil fuels were converted into coal, oil, and natural gas (U.S Department of Energy, 2013). Fossil fuels are considered to be non-renewable energy. Fossil Fuels are considered to be this because they are a one-time energy source. Since it takes millions of years for fossil fuels to form, once they are all gone they are basically gone forever (Alterative Energy, 2015). One type of fossil fuel is coal. Coal is a hard, black colored, rick-like substance that is made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and varying amounts of sulfur (California Energy Commission, 2012). Coal is available in almost every country worldwide. According to World Coal Association (2015), the biggest reserves are in the United States, Russia, China, and India. When mining coal, the choice of a mining method is determined by the geology of the coal deposit. There are two different methods of mining. The first method of

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