Foster Care and Substance Abuse

3763 Words May 9th, 2011 16 Pages
Running head: THE FOSTER CARE AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE

The Association Between Foster Care and Substance Abuse Risk Factors and
Treatment Outcomes: An Exploratory Secondary Analysis
Sharon H. Stoess
Grand Canyon University
NRS-433V
March 27, 2011

The Association Between Foster Care and Substance Abuse Risk Factors and Treatment Outcomes: An Exploratory Secondary Analysis
“The child welfare and substance abuse systems are integrally linked through the children and families they serve (Blome, W., Shields, J., & Verdieck, M., 2009). There is a dearth of knowledge, however, on how children who have experienced foster care fare when they are treated for substance abuse issues as adults” (Blome, W., Shields, J., & Verdieck,
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It is imperative to know what the actual facts are. “Studies have shown that adverse childhood experiences, including abuse, neglect, domestic violence, and household substance abuse, increase the likelihood of early initiation of drug use by two to four times” (Dube, Felitti, Dong, Chapman, Giles, & Anda, 2003). “Interviews with 320 adolescents in foster care found approximately 40% used alcohol, 35% reported marijuana use, and 25% described using both in the prior six months (Thompson & Auslander, 2007). “Youths who have been in foster care used illicit drugs at a higher rate than youths who have never been in foster care, but they were also more likely to have received treatment” (National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005). “Merging educational and child welfare databases from a Midwestern state showed that only one in five of these youths demonstrated the skills necessary to pass the reading, math and science standardized tests” (Coleman, 2004). “Among youths who stayed in foster care until the age of emancipation (18 to 21 depending on the state), more than one-third earned neither a high school diploma nor a GED (Courtney & Dworsky, 2005). Foster care children
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