Foundation of Psychology

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Foundation of Psychology

Psychology is the study of human behavior and mind. According to Psychology: The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior defined psychology as the scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering, feeling, etc.) and behavior. Psychology alone has more than one basic foundation. Psychology can be as broad as biology and as detailed as philosophy, because it includes humans who are very complex in nature. Psychology involves more than how people act; it includes their thought process, emotions, memories, and analysis of events. When psychology was first introduced people weren’t sure if it was a science separated from biology and philosophy. The major school of thought in psychology
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The Cognitive Psychology studies mental processes on how humans think. It includes skills that allow you to learn, process information, and memorize. In 1950’s cognitive psychology originated in feedback to Pavlov, Watson, and Darwin school of thought of psychology behaviorism. The biological foundation of psychology when linked to behavior is the four perspectives of psychology which are psychodynamic, behaviorist, cognitive, and evolutionary perspectives. Evolutionary psychology largely supports the importance of explain human psychology. Sigmund Freud developed the psychodynamic perspectives which proposed that our action reflects our emotions. The cognitive perspectives focus on how or the way one perceives, processes, and retrieve information (Kowalski and Westen, 2011). The cognitive perspective is used in better understanding how we make decision, what is involved in that process. According to Kowalski and Westen the evolutionary perspective was made from Darwin principle of natural selection. In understanding the school of thoughts in psychology we are able to come up with conclusions and closely identify ideas and understand why certain behaviors occurs.


Benson, Nigel C.(2007) Introducing Psychology: A Guide to Your Mind and Behaviour. N.p.: Faber and Faber. Print
Kowalski, Robin M, Westen, Drew (2010) Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Print
Schools of Thought. (n.d.). Retrieved July 7, 2013, from
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