Foundations of The Modern World Essay

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Foundations of The Modern World

After the 15th Century, history began to move really fast in the matter of the things that happened. It is really important this part of the history because it totally changed the way of life and it gives an explanation of why life is like it is in our days. This big change didn't happen at once. Historians, after studying and trying to find the reasons of this change came up with five foundations. They are The Columbian Exchange, Europe Confronts the World, The Industrial Revolution, The Nationalism and Democracy and Mass Transportation & Communication. They are totally different, took place in different years and places but they all are ingredients of the cake that we call Modern World.

The
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The idea of the "Columbian Exchange" was a big revolution and opened the people's minds. Unfortunately it also gave to Europe more land to play those war games that they enjoyed that much.
The second fundamental is Europe Confronts the World. After the Columbian Exchange, Europe began to see the whole picture. They began to practice imperialism. Imperialism is to extend and maintain control or influence over weaker nations or peoples. However, imperialism wasn't something new. The empire of Alexander the Great or the Roman Empire was example of ancient imperialism. History repeats itself! Imperial systems were organized according to the doctrine of mercantilism: Each imperial state attempted to control the trade of its colonies, in order to monopolize the benefits of that trade. Yeah, but why would Europe want to do that? Well, states wanted to pursue imperialism for reasons such as economic, political, and ideological. Economic has always been the most common one because money rules the world. Every country wanted to expand their economy to acquire raw materials and additional sources of labor, or to find outlets for surplus capital and markets for surplus goods. Another reason refers to "power;" The nations desired power, prestige, security, and diplomatic advantages vis-à-vis other states. A third set of explanations focuses on ideological or moral motives. According to this
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