Four Justifications For Punishment

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The four justifications for punishment include, “retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and incapacitation” (Reichel, 2013, p. 231). Retribution is when a person receives a punishment as a result for committing a crime (Reichel, 2013). This form of punishment is deemed necessary by society because a person deserves to pay for breaking the law (Reichel, 2013). “A goal of retribution is to retaliate for the wrong done in such a way that the nature of the punishment reflects the nature of the offense” (Reichel, 2013, p. 231). That is why there are different sentences for different crimes because each deserves a certain punishment (Reichel, 2013). For example, a person who commits murder isn’t going to receive the same punishment as a person…show more content…
This type of punishment has various approaches, but a common one is the medical model (Reichel, 2013). The medical model views inmates as the patient who is then diagnosed with medical problems, if any (Reichel, 2013). The inmate will go on to receive treatment that fits his or her needs in order to rehabilitate the individual as efficiently and effectively as possible (Reichel, 2013). The types of medical professionals that assist in this process include, “psychologists, social workers, clergy, health workers, educators, and the like, discuss that offender’s needs and develop a treatment plan” (Reichel, 2013, p. 231). Lastly, incapacitation is when an offender is no longer free to roam around (Reichel, 2013). This is why there are sanctions to detain criminals and keeping them off the streets in order to keep society out of danger (Reichel, 2013). Jails and prison are the most common sanctions used for incapacitation, and have been for decades (Reichel, 2013). There have been other forms, such as corporal punishment, but there are new forms taking place (Reichel, 2013). Since the use of technology is increasing and always advancing, the use of “electronic monitoring devices” is going to become another way to prevent offenders from moving (Reichel, 2013, p. 231). Such devices will allow law enforcement to track offenders and
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