Four Socioeconomic Determinants of Health Essay

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Substantial evidence is increasing, giving the Minister of Health more reason to believe housing, income, employment and education, abbreviated as the socioeconomic determinants of health, are to some degree responsible for poor health and inequalities (Public Health Advisory Committee PHAC, 2004). The purpose of this assignment is to discuss these four determinants and how they impact health from the Public Health Advisory Committee’s perspective. Employment and housing will be discussed in further detail as well as government policies, strategies or legislations will be included. To conclude this assignment a brief reflection will be made as to why understanding the socioeconomic determinants have a connection with providing quality…show more content…
One reason for this statistic could be, without adequate income, access is restricted towards living essentials such as vital food sources and access to medical facilities (NHC, 1998).
Employment, defined by PHAC (2004) is “participation in secure paid employment” (p. 25). Insecure employment refers to a hazardous or harmful environment which can lead to ‘work-related stresses’ (Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992). Studies have shown this is a large factor in the workplace and can lead to physical and/or mental health implications (Department of Labour, 2003). Moreover, unemployment can have an impact most commonly on mental health. Studies also indicate unemployment has an effect, especially long term, as it can in some cases cause suicide (PHAC, 2004).

Education is “to train or instruct, mentally and morally; provide schooling for” (Swannell, 1986, p. 174). Educated people tend to have optimum health compared to non-educated or less skilled people (PHAC, 2004). This could be because reports state that low-educated people have “a strong relationship with negative lifestyle behaviours such as, smoking, alcohol abuse, limited exercise and unhealthy eating” (PHAC, 2004, p. 30), whereas educated people understand the implications involved.

New Zealand studies revealed in a 2012 quarterly report, the employment rate increased by 0.1 per cent of the working population (roughly 3,000 people) and unemployment decreased by 0.3
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