Fracking And The Gas Industry

1573 Words7 Pages
Since the turn of the millennium, hydraulic fracturing - a process for extracting natural gas- has spread rapidly across the United States. High volume hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” is a process in which water and chemicals are injected into shale formations underground in order to release trapped natural gas.
As fracking spreads throughout the United States, there are more and more reported cases of contaminated drinking water and illness among citizens living near fracking sites. Even with these cases, it is still difficult for the public to grasp just how dangerous fracking is to the public and the environment. Fracking is already legal in 17 states, and nearly 85,000 wells have been drilled or permitted in the past 10 years (Finkel 2013.) Not only is the industry extremely stable, but the gas industry is actually trying to expand fracking into new states—including North Carolina.
This report analyzes and evaluates some of the key impacts of fracking- including the production of toxins in wastewater, chemical and water use, air pollution, land damage and most importantly, the effects of fracking on citizens.
Introduction
The United States is currently the second-highest energy consumer in the world (Duke 2015.) As the need for energy grows, the need for a clean energy source becomes more urgent. Natural gas, which makes up 24% of the world’s energy source, is promoted as a cleaner energy alternative. Of course, there are pros and cons to this source.
Natural gas
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