Fracking : The Gas Boom

1352 WordsMay 20, 20166 Pages
Hydraulic fracturing, which is more commonly known as “fracking”, is a term that many people may have heard about, but actually have very little knowledge on. Fracking is a topic that is highly controversial between people who work in the industry, scientists, and environmental professionals. Fracking has been around for a long time, but it’s only been in the past thirty years that it’s really taken off in what is known as the shale gas boom. As our sources of energy dwindle down it becomes important to consider our future and look into new sources of affordable and sustainable energy. People in the fracking industry praise the many benefits of hydraulic fracking, saying that is already being used to offset much of our current energy costs, and many consider it to be the future of all of our energy needs. Hydraulic fracturing is the process of drilling a well deep into the ground, and then injecting it with sand, high-pressure water, and over 500 different types of chemicals to break up the rock and shale and release natural gas to be collected and used as fuel for our vehicles, homes, and workplaces. While some hydraulic fracturing can date as far back as the Civil War, it wasn 't until about the 1940s that it became a more commercialized business. However, it was in the 1990s that the modern techniques used to make fracking much more common came about. George P. Mitchell of the Mitchell Energy & Development Corporation is credited with finding the modern
Open Document