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Fracking and Drilling Letter

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Fracking or hydraulic fracturing is the process of drilling over a mile underground to extract natural gas from shale rock deep below Earth's surface. The vertical well then turns ninety degrees horizontally to trap natural gas. Fracking makes it possible to produce natural gas from shale that were once unreachable. Horizontal drilling and vertical drilling allows fracking fluids (A mix of water, sand, and various chemicals) to insert shale area. This creates new channels in the rock and natural gas is extracted. This drilling process can take up to a month. After the drilling process is over, the well is cased with cement to keep the groundwater protected. Fracking can create over 204,500 jobs within just four years and billions of dollars. Fracking is great economically, but it also has its downsides. Crime rate has increased 16.1 percent in violent crime and a 10.3 percent in property crime statewide in 2010-2011. The increase in crime has been driven, in part, by higher crime rates in the state’s western counties where the shale oil fracking is occurring. In 2009, fracking started in Ohio. From 2009 to 2010, fracking wells increased. Earthquakes in that same area increased 125 percent as well. In 2012 the earthquakes decreased because there was no more drilling in the area. One small farm in Bradford county was offered $100 per acre from an oil company to frack on their land. Little did they know that the fracking could cause damage, so they signed the lease. When they
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