Essay on Francis Bacon's New Atlantis

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Francis Bacon's New Atlantis

Francis Bacon was the founder of the modern scientific method. The focus on the new scientific method is on orderly experimentation. For Bacon, experiments that produce results are important. Bacon pointed out the need for clear and accurate thinking, showing that any mastery of the world in which man lives was dependent upon careful understanding. This understanding is based solely on the facts of this world and not as the ancients held it in ancient philosophy. This new modern science provides the foundation for modern political science. Bacon's political science completely separated religion and philosophy. For Bacon, nothing exists in the universe except individual bodies. Although he did not offer a
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Science conquers chance and determines change thus creating a regime permanently pleasant. Bensalem, meaning "perfect son" in
Hebrew, has shunned the misfortunes of time, vice and decay. Bensalem seems to combine the blessedness of Jerusalem and the pleasures and conveniences of
Babylon. In Bacon's NEW ATLANTIS, the need for man to be driven does not exist.
Scarcity is eliminated thereby eliminating the need for money. "But thus, you see, we maintain a trade, not for gold, silver or jewels... nor for any other commodity of matter, but only for God's first creature which was light" (Bacon,
437). This shows a devotion to truth rather than victory and it emphasizes the
Christian piety to which the scientist is disposed by virtue of his science. As man observes and brings the fruits of his observations together, he discover likeness' and differences among events and objects in the universe. In this way he will establish laws among happenings upon which he can base all subsequent action. Bacon realized that sometimes religious ideas and the discoveries of nature and careful observations were contradictory but he argued that society must believe both.

The NEW ATLANTIS begins with the description of a ship lost at sea. The crew
"lift up their hearts and voices to God above, who showeth his wonders in the deep, beseeching him of his mercy" (Bacon, 419). Upon spotting land and discerning natives the sailors praise God. When a boarding party comes to their
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