Francis Fukuyama Wrote His Essay, “The End Of History?”

893 WordsApr 12, 20174 Pages
Francis Fukuyama wrote his essay, “The End of History?” in 1989 and elaborated on it in a book published in 1992 entitled “The End of History and The Last Man.” It was during this time, as is mentioned in the beginning of the original essay that Mikhail Gorbachev was enacting the policies of perestroika and glasnost in the Soviet Union. The Cold War was at the beginning of the end. As such, the global tensions caused by the rivalry and proxy wars between the United States and the Soviet Union were subsiding. Growing peace brought the opportunity for economic growth and as a result cultural exchange. The first McDonalds opened in the Soviet Union. As Fukuyama mentions, modern music from the west was being distributed and listened to from…show more content…
The struggle was characterized as that between the bourgeois and the proletariat which could only be resolved once a utopian state had been established. Fukuyama asserted that the end of history had arrived. He acknowledged that the world has not yet reached the point at which other ideologies are nonexistent or governments and philosophers are unneeded. He explains that the end of history is not defined by this end result, but by the point at which it can be recognized that one ideology had essentially won out. This did not have to be in a very material sense. Liberalism, though there was still opposition, appeared to Fukuyama to have the ‘true’ principles that could not be enhanced. The political and ideological climate appeared to support the idea that more and more people were coming to accept that. The world seemed to be on its way to peace. Fukuyama was sure in his argument and even expressed his condolences for the loss of history, a time at which action truly mattered because it had the ability to change the world and bring new and interesting “art and philosophy” that there would be no use, place, or need for in a post-historical era. The world politics had largely been treated in a realist perspective for most of history before the World Wars. Even through the Cold War it retained dominance. It was the perfect example of the security dilemma and realist though leading to a realist reality. When World War II ended, there remained two great
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