Francisco Franco, the Ultimate Fascist Dictator?

1978 Words Sep 23rd, 2012 8 Pages
Introduction

Fascism can be defined as a political system with centralization of power under a single-party dictatorship. Fascist dictators maintain authority through strict socioeconomic controls, suppression of the masses through censorship and terrorism, and policies of aggressive nationalism and racism (“Fascism”). Francisco Franco first implemented this government policy in Spain after witnessing its achievements in Germany and Italy. Franco’s strong nationalistic and military upbringing was the basis for his fascist dictatorship. What made Franco the “ultimate fascist dictator” was the fact that he was more palatable to the western countries. His focus was not on world domination, but rather on the consolidation of his own
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Franco believed that by consolidating the working class and the trade unions under one organization, he would create a better relationship between worker and employee under his rule.
Typical to fascist rule, Franco limited the freedoms of his people. Spanish citizens were stripped of their basic rights and freedoms including freedom of speech and freedom of association. Franco considered criticism a crime, therefore opposing political parties were outlawed and universal suffrage was eliminated (“Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly”). Franco's intention was to preserve his regime's principles and isolate Spanish culture from foreign influences. In order to achieve that goal, censorship was enforced by the Book Censorship section, the Cinema and Theater Department and the Information and Censorship section (English-Spanish). The influence of the Franco regime on school curricular and school textbook contents was used as part of a rigorous brain washing exercise (“Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly”).
As an attempt to impress the world’s democratic powers, Franco issued a fundamental law that granted a bill of rights, the Charter of Rights (“Spain – THE FRANCO YEARS”). The rights were more for show than anything else. The charter placed a strong emphasis on the Spanish duty to serve their country and to obey the laws. They did not give the Spaniards any additional rights, for guaranteeing freedom of expression still
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