Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act

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The Dodd-Frank Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act became Federal Law on July 21, 2010, instituting major financial regulatory reforms designed to improve the financial stability of the United States. It is a legislative response to the financial system trauma resulting from the “Great Recession” and a further regulation of the Financial Institution activities that led in part to the Great Recession. The Act, which was named after two key lawmakers involved in the congressional passing of the law, Congressman Barney Frank, House of Representatives Financial Services Committee Chairman, and Senator Chris Todd, former Senate Banking Committee Chairman, affects nearly all aspects of the oversight and supervision of the…show more content…
The relative successes and failures of that Act are becoming more apparent with time, and the shortcomings are subject to intense partisan criticism. As discussed below, Dodd-Frank seeks to address the highly sensitive and controversial notion that Wall Street banks have been designated by the Federal Reserve as too-big-to-fail. In fact, during the most severe moments of the crisis, the voices of free market proponents could be heard advocating that these troubled big banks, suffering massive losses due to their own bad bets, and if weakened to the point of failure, should be allowed to fail. Hindsight shows that allowing just one to fail, Lehman Brothers, had serious and lasting detrimental effect on the US and global financial system and markets. Had Lehman been saved, it would have been the most effective agent to unwind all of the transactions and trades to which it was a party, and likely in a rapid manner. However, being thrust into bankruptcy, and thereafter receivers were appointed to unwind the business, took months upon months and vast resources to settle Lehman accounts. Had Citibank, Bank of America, Bear Stearns, or AIG been allowed to fail, it may have been possible that the US financial system would have melted down completely. So these super banks, and non-banks, cannot be allowed to fail in crisis, due to the system-wide risk. Notwithstanding, such an implicit assurance, that they will always get a bailout, no matter how toxic
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