Free-Response Questions from Past Ap Exams

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Free-Response Questions from Past AP Exams 1999: 1. Is Congress effective in exercising legislative oversight of the federal bureaucracy? Support your answer by doing ONE of the following: a. Explain two specific methods Congress uses to exercise effective oversight of the federal bureaucracy. OR b. Give two specific explanations for the failure of Congress to exercise effective oversight of the federal bureaucracy. 2000: 1. The Constitution was an attempt to address problems of decentralization that were experienced under the Articles of Confederation. a. List three problems of decentralized power that existed under the Articles of Confederation. For each problem you listed, identify one solution that the Constitution provided to…show more content…
political party system • The U.S. electoral system 3. In the last half of the twentieth century, voter turnout in federal elections has declined. During the same period, voter turnout has been higher in presidential elections than in midterm elections. a. Identify two factors that have contributed to the overall decline in turnout in federal elections and explain how each factor has contributed to the overall decline. b. Identify and explain two reasons why voter turnout has been higher in presidential elections than in midterm elections. 2003: 1. Presidential approval ratings fluctuate over the course of each presidential administration. a. Identify two factors that decrease presidential approval ratings, and explain why each factor has that effect. b. Identify two factors that increase presidential approval ratings, and explain why each factor has that effect. 2. Citizens often choose to participate in the political process in ways other than voting. a. Identify two forms of participation in the political process other than voting. b. Explain two advantages of each form of participation you identified in (a). 3. Both party leadership and committees in Congress play key roles in the legislative process. a. Define two of the following element of the congressional committee system and explain how each influences the legislative process; • Specialization • Reciprocity/logrolling • Party
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