Free Will And Agent Causality

1504 Words Sep 23rd, 2014 7 Pages
No one can be the master of their own destiny because destiny does not exist. However, underpinning the question of whether anyone can master their own destiny is the question of whether human beings have control over their own actions. This paper will argue that despite not being able to master destiny as it does not exist, human beings have control over their own actions, enabling them to be masters of their own actions as opposed to destiny. This paper will argue three main points that lead to this conclusion. Firstly, it will establish why destiny does not exist, secondly, that we have free will, and lastly, that we are casual agents. In response to criticisms of free will and agent-causality, I will further demonstrate how these criticisms can be overcome. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2005), defines destiny as a “fixed and inevitable future.” Destiny does not exist as our world in one of possibilities and thus, our futures are neither “fixed” nor “inevitable.” Jean-Paul Sartre (1966) can be seen as supporting this idea through his thoughts on consciousness. He describes two types of beings, a “being-for-itself” and a “being-in-itself” (Sartre, 1966). A “being-for-itself” is capable of self-consciousness whilst a “being-in-itself” is not (Sartre, 1966). As human beings, we are “beings-for-itself”, and in addition to self-consciousness, we have the ability to foresee our future and interpret our past (Sartre, 1966). For example, consider the situation of…
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