Free Will, Moral Growth, and Evil by John Hick

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John Hick argues in this writing that the all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good Christian god is compatible with an abundance of suffering. He offers solutions to the problem of suffering which relies heavily upon a tripartite foundation. Hick divides evil into two: Moral Evil = the evil that human being cause - either to themselves or to each other. And Non-Moral Evil = the evil that is not caused by human activity - natural disasters, etc. He tries to explain that a world without pain and suffering, moral traits such as courage, patience and sympathy would not be developed. One main conclusion that John Hick arrives at is that humans are the root cause of evil. He explains that people freely opt for evil over good because it is in…show more content…
A dreamlike existence. Hick goes on to explain that in a perfect pleasure world there wouldn't be any science possible (laws of nature). In a permanent pleasure paradise, no ethics would be possible (no virtues or vices). In a permanent pleasure paradise no spiritual growth would be possible. The consequences of this world would be far fetching. An example would be that no one could injure themselves or others. The "murderer's knife would turn to paper or his bullets to thin air; the bank safe, robbed of a million dollars, would miraculously become filled with another million dollars" as Hick put it. Deceit, fraud, treason, and conspiracy would somehow not be in the fabric of society. A mountain climber would float harmlessly to the ground when they slip and fall. A reckless driver never meets with disaster. There would be no need to work because there would be no consequences. There would be no need for the comforting of others during a disaster because there would be none. The laws of nature such as gravity would have to operate sometimes in this world and sometimes not. Sometimes an object shall be hard and others they shall be hard. "Life in this world would become like a dream in which, delightfully but aimlessly, we would float and drift at ease". In this hedonistic paradise there could be no wrong or right decisions because there would be no consequence or benefit of these actions. There is no room for spiritual growth because there is no need for it in this

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