Freedom Of Speech And Expression Essay

974 WordsSep 19, 20154 Pages
After enactment of Constitution, many laws related to press were challenged before the court. In Srinivasa Bhat v. State of Madras, K. Madhava Menon v. State of Bombay, Avanti Press 1950, Amar Nath v. State of Punjab, Romesh Thapar v. Chief Secretary of Patna, Tara Singh v. the State of Punjab, Fram Nusserwanji v. State of Bombay, Chandardeo v. State of Bihar, Tozam-mal v. Government of Bengal, etc., the laws related to press ultra vires to the constitution were quashed. Article 19(1) (a), freedom of speech and expression which also includes freedom of press is with the restrictions provided in Article 19(2) of the Constitution. When the constitution was enacted, Article 19 contained only following restrictions: 1. Libel, slander and defamation 2. Contempt of court 3. Decency and morality and 4. Security of state But after the Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1963 friendly relations with foreign States, public order and incitement to an offence were added in Article 19(2) as a restrictions. While debating for the amendment in Parliament, Prime Minister said that this amendment is not to restrict the freedom of press in any sense. This just a step to clarify the Legislative powers of Government. He also stated that this amendment was to ensure that international relationship of India is not affected by mere irresponsible write ups by press. This amendment was taken as a breach of trust on press by the government and some section of press even labelled this amendment as
Open Document