Thesis: Is Oedipus free or fated? Free will is the power of acting without the constraint of necessity. Fate is events beyond a person's control, regarded as determined by a supernatural power. The research will give both agreements as to whether it had the free will to choose his destiny or it was just his fate.
Oedipus the King, was written by Sophocles between C.A.496-406B.C. In this play, Oedipus is a great example of Sophocles’ belief that fate will control a man’s life no matter how much free will exists.
Fate and free will have been debated by philosophers for centuries. Do humans really have free will or is our fate deided? Do we have a choice in our actions. These are hard questions to answer but Oedipus had no say in his fate. Oedipus’ fate was predecided by Apollo and his ancestor, Cadmus. Oedipus’ destiny was fully decided by the gods before he was born allowing him no way to change it.
Upon hearing these concerns, his father and mother had a servant take baby Oedipus to the hills to kill him. Instead of killing him, the servant left him with a shepard, who then took him to another king and queen of a different country. As Oedipus was raised with his new family, it appeared everything would be normal, deferring the prophesy to nonexistence. However, as the prophesy was told, it became true. Oedipus killed him father and slept with his mother. Oedipus became king of Thebes, and there was a cruse set on the city. Upon returning from the oracle, Oedipus learned for the curse to be lifted, the murderer of Laius would have to be banished. Upon learning this, Oedipus commanded the murderer to be found, and punishment would ensue. After several days of tirelessly investigating the issue, Oedipus learned he was the murder. In result, Oedipus gouged out his eyes with brooches and exiled himself. Through this turn of events, Sophocles was able to demonstrate the power of fate and how it is unavoidable. No matter what Oedipus’ parents did, there were unable to successfully rid themselves and the country of the fate of this prophesy against them. The story was able to demonstrate to power of the will of the gods.
Sophocles, in the year 420 BC, wrote Oedipus the King displaying multiple controversial topics, like the incestual basis of the play and the theme of fate versus free will. Portrayed in many different plays and tragedies, fate vs. free will explains the idea of if one’s future is destined and planned out or if their actions they make help to shape their future. In this play, Oedipus is given a horrendous oracle saying that he will marry his mother and kill his father. He displays his downfall through the actions he takes to avoid his fate by leaving who he thought were his parents, leading the fate to become true when coming into contact with his actual parents. Oedipus is victimized by both his fate and his free will during Oedipus the King in a complex way because his free will attempts at avoiding his fate, eventually
As Oedipus was born into royalty, he started his life in a condemned manner. At only a few days old, Oedipus’ family tried to stop the prophecy that was given by the oracle. Clearly worried about the message, the King took matters into his own hands trying to stop a per-determined fate. “He wasn’t three days old and the boy’s father fastened
Fate vs Free Will as it relates to the character Oedipus OR Adam and Eve. Consider: behavior, outcomes, how the choices were made, or were the choices made for them?
Oedipus constantly tries to flee his fate and avoid the prophecy, if he had not been so determined to challenge the Gods, his fate could have been different. Perhaps, he was cursed and had to achieve the prophecy because he was trying to escape his destiny. He plays god throughout the play he curses himself without knowing and tries to run away from reality of knowing that he might not get far. Oedipus pushes his free-will to the next level by accusing Tiresias of treason, Oedipus and Jocasta are doubtful of his prophecy. Jocasta tells Oedipus that a previous prophecy that Tiresias revealed didn’t come true and what he was saying is false. They have made the Gods angry with them at that point because of the distrust they had for the almighty. When Oedipus learns the truth about his fate he gouges his eyes out, this act would be a curse from Tiresias because he was blind
Oedipus the King by Sophocles is the story of a man who was destined to kill his father and marry his mother. The story continues in the tradition of classic Greek plays, which were based upon the Greeks’ beliefs at the time. The ancient Greeks believed that their gods decided what would ultimately happen to each and every person. Since those gods destined Oedipus to kill his father and marry his mother, Oedipus’ life was definitely fated. However, the gods only decided where Oedipus’ life would eventually lead; they never planned the route he would take to get there. All the decisions that Oedipus made in order to fulfill his destiny, and the decisions he made after the fact, were of his own free will,
When thinking of who is responsible for the tragedy of Oedipus, I tend to lean towards fate. Since the beginning, it was Oedipus' fate to kill his father and marry his mother. He spent most of his life attempting to avoid this, but all of his actions simply brought him closer to his fate. Fate knew Oedipus' end from the beginning and the oracles were always right in what they predicted for him. I think the gods are so nasty to Oedipus because he tried to avoid his prophecy by leaving his believed parents. I believe Oedipus has free will, but no matter what he chose to do, his fate would have remained the same at the end.
On the way he came to a place known as the place where the three rogues meet. Over there, he fell into a conflict with a person on a chariot concerning the crossing of the bridge as to who should be first. Due to this small tussle, Oedipus got enraged and in the fight that followed, he killed the person. That person was King Laius of Thebes, Oedipus’ true father. In this manner he fulfilled a part of the prediction. Following this, Oedipus made his way to Thebes, and saved the people from the riddles of the Sphinx. In thanks, Oedipus was made king for being the savior of Thebes, and so was bonded in matrimony to Jocasta, King Laius’ widow, and in true form, Oedipus’ mother. Years later, they also had children borne to them. Hence, ignorantly, Oedipus had completed all the conditions Apollo's prophesy and had proved the oracle right too. But all this had happened in ignorance, but it was now, towards the end that the actual beginning resurrects itself from its grave and begins to sing out the symphony of destruction to Oedipus. The unfolding of this plot, arrives with the arrival of the messenger, from Corinth to tell Oedipus that his ‘father’, king Polybus of Corinth was dead. On this Oedipus was both happy and sad for he lamented the death of his father, still ignorant of the conditional time, but also glad that he was not responsible for it and had proved Apollo wrong. But as soon as his soul had soared, so did it come crashing down as he was told all about
Fate and free will shows up in many stories, and plays a vital role in building up a character, or leading to their downfall. Fate and free will is a big theme in Oedipus Rex, and is the building bone to many of the characters lives. In Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles, Oedipus becomes king of Thebes. Before Oedipus came into power, the previous king of Thebes, Laius, was mysteriously murdered. A Sphinx came into power as the city had no king. However, Oedipus is able to save the city by answering the riddle told by the Sphinx, which no one else could figure out. The people of the city praise him for freeing them and Oedipus becomes king, and marries Jocasta. He is a strong and brave leader who is respected by the people of Thebes. However, after
In Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, the idea of fate and destiny is brought to the forefront of the play. The idea of fate is incredibly prevalent in the play and drives a significant amount of the plot. The most important example of fate in the play is the prophecy that Oedipus is doomed to follow. The prophecy that Oedipus is supposed to fall victim to is revealed to the audience by Teiresias, a paraphrasing of the prophecy is “he’ll have no joy of the discovery: blindness for sight and beggary for the riches his exchange, he shall go journeying to a foreign country tapping his way before him with a stick. He shall be proved father and brother both to his own children in his house; to her that gave him birth, a son and husband both; a fellow sower in his father’s bed with that same father that he murdered” (Sophocles, 504-513). Even though, many of the seeds of this
Oedipus’s life and destiny was said to be set by the god’s, but together with his parent’s lies and his own ignorance, he brought upon his downfall foretold so long ago. It was only when he was born that a prophecy of Oedipus, who was to kill his father and marry his mother. Terrified and without much thought of the consequences, Iokaste and Laius abandoned the child to die. Oedipus did not die. Instead he became a strong and well respected prince, who believed his real parents were king and queen of Corinth. Oedipus’s adoptive parents kept him in the dark about his true identity. For this reason, when ignorant Oedipus hears of his prophecy, he runs away terrified. Ironically, on his journey away from home, he encounters his real father, Laius King of Thebes, which he kills due to an argument. Moreover, he goes on to become King of Thebes and husband of Iokaste, his biological mother. So, without realizing, the fate that Oedipus wanted to impede so badly occurs right before his eyes, showing that fate “lies within Apollo’s competence/As it is his concern” (Oed.