French Neurologist, Guillanume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne

1459 WordsMar 7, 20176 Pages
French neurologist, Guillanume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne was born in Boulogne-sur-Mer, a French coastal village. Duchenne’s family wanted him to carry on the family’s tradition as a seafarer; however, his dream was to practice medicine, so he followed his dream and studied medicine in Paris. Once returning home, he began practicing medicine on the local sailors, fisherman, and family. After marrying his first wife and fathering a child, she died of a puerperal infection. Shortly after his first marriage, Duchenne remarried his second wife, but that too was short lived. Duchenne divorced his second wife and gave up his infant son, making him fall into a deep depression. Sometime during his depression, in 1862, Duchenne discovered the…show more content…
A case study done in 2014, estimated that there were approximately 45,000 known cases of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, which is, roughly, 1: 3,500 males—from all walks of life (W., 2014). Symptoms typically appear before age 6, rarely affecting young girls; however, girls do have a 50% chance of being a carrier of the gene (National Human Genome Research Institute, April 18, 2013). Typically, girls and mothers are unaware of their mutated X chromosome, and without genetic testing they will, more than likely, pass it on to their son. Patients with a severe case will usually have symptoms that progress quickly, ranging from “mild skeletal muscle weakness [,] cardiac involvement [,] severe weakness or cardiac effect” (mda.org, September 20, 2016). A few warning signs of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: … Does someone within the family have Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy? Is the child not able to walk, or having trouble getting up from the floor at 18 months? Can the child walk, but walks in a swayed back position, shoulders back, stomach forward, and trouble with neck movement? Does the child have enlarged calf muscles? … In some children, there are speech and language issues (“Diagnosis & Genetic Testing...”, n.d.)

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