French Revolution

1740 Words7 Pages
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION The French Revolution, which erupted in 1789 marked a turning point inthe history of human struggle for freedom and equality. It put an end tothe age of feudalism and ushered in a new order of society. An outline of this revolution will explain to you the kind of turmoil that occurred inEurope. This revolution brought about far reaching changes in not onlyFrench society but in societies throughout Europe. Even countries in othercontinents such as, India, were influenced by the ideas generated duringthis revolution. Ideas like liberty, fraternity and equality, which now form a part of the preamble to the Constitution of India, owe their origin to theFrench Revolution. It changed the political structure of…show more content…
i)The condition of labour: A new population earning their livelihoodby working in the factories arose. In the early years this working classlived in poverty and squalor. They were socially deprived. At the sametime they were indispensable in the new industrial system. This madethem a powerful social force. Sociologists recognised that the povertyof this class of workers is not natural poverty but social poverty. Thusthe working class became during the nineteenth century the subject of both moral and analytical concern. ii)The transformation of property: The traditional emphasis on landlost its value while money or capital became important during theIndustrial Revolution. The investment in new industrial system cameto be recognised. The feudal landlords became less significant whilethe new capitalists gained power. Many of these new capitalists werethe erstwhile landlords.Property was one of the central issues that were raised in the FrenchRevolution too. Its influence on the social order is considerable.Property is related to economic privileges, social status and politicalpower. A change in the property system involves a change in thefundamental character of society. Sociologists have grappled with thequestion of property and its impact on social stratification since thedays of Marx, Tocqueville, Taine and Weber. iii)The industrial city,
Get Access