For seniors with dementia and cognitive disorders, pet therapy can help seniors access memories. Many times seniors who were non-communicative will suddenly start talking, others who were withdrawn will burst into social chatter. Researchers do not yet understand why, but pets seem to connect to parts of the brain that have tremendous
Happiness is usually expressed as “the point to which an individual assesses the total worth of his or her existence as a whole positively” (Veenhoven, 1993), and regularly, considered on an ordinal scale of answers to biased questions. Most experimental findings consume various kinds of self-reported ideals on happiness or particular well-being dignified from various scaling methods.
Chyi, Hau, and Shangyi Mao. "The Determinants of Happiness of China 's Elderly Population." Journal of Happiness Studies 13.1 (2012): 167-85. ProQuest.Web. 23 Sep. 2016.
Animal-assisted therapy was created in 1792 to help patients in mental asylums to be able to interact with animals in peaceful environments and opportunities that otherwise they would not see. This was created by Dr. Levinson when he first saw a dog and boy that he had been treating interact with one another. This soon began to spread throughout the countries. It first arrived in the U.S. in 1944 through 1945 at a Hospital north of New York City, the hospital called Pawling army air force convalescent. The patients here interacted with farm animals such as horses and chickens. But with many things it took a long time before any data from places like this was collected. However it is becoming a more respected field among professionals ( Altschiller, D. 2011). It has been seen that pets can help calm people, lower blood pressure and they are great for people or children that cannot or do not relate well to other people. “Pets may help patients recover from acute illness--a study of patients following their discharge from the critical care unit found that 11 out of 39 patients without pets died within the subsequent year, compared with only three of 53 patients who had pets” (Floyd, et al. 2003).There are many animals that can be used in pet therapy but we are going to mainly focus on dogs and horses.
In her article “How Happy Are You and Why?,” Sonja Lyubomirsky argues that people have control over their own happiness. Lyubomirsky supports her claims with her interviews with happy people and scientific studies. Her purpose is to consider steps that people can take in order to become happier. She establishes an informal relationship with her audience of unhappy people.
For the first article, the hypothesis of the experiment is that people will become more conscientious, emotionally stable, and agreeable as they grow older, but there will be temporary dips in agreeableness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness during adolescents. This experiment consisted of two different samples, one consisting of mostly people from the USA and the other consisting of mostly people from Russia. The American sample had around 16,000 children aged 3-20 years old, the participants were chosen because their parents anonymously volunteered on the website “personalitylab.org.” The Russian sample consisted of 1996 children aged 2-18 years old (48% of them were female), the participants’ parents
Jennifer Senior discusses her research concerning positive psychology and whether or not happiness is teachable and highlights some of the darker sides of happiness. To start the article, Senior reveals her score on her test from the Authentic Happiness Inventory. The test designed by Chris Peterson of the positive Psychology Center at the University of Pennsylvania. This test is intended to numerically score ones level of happiness. In a scale of 1 to 5, Jennifer got a grade of 2.88. This indicated she was below average for most rankings such as “age, education level, gender and occupation” (422). Senior states she is at the 50 percent mark for her given zip code. She stated that liking her
102 students, 72 females, and 16 males and 14 who did not identify in upper division psychology classes from Missouri Southern State University participated in my experiment in return for extra credit. The age of the participants ranged from 19-74 years old with a mean of 25.53 (SD=9.06).
Instructions: Consider each of the following 12 happiness activities. Reflect on what it would be like to do it every week for an extended period of time. Then rate each activity by writing the appropriate number (1 to 7) in the blank space next to the terms NATURAL, ENJOY, VALUE, GUILTY, and SITUATION. People do things or many different reasons. Rate why you might keep doing this activity in terms of the following reasons. Use this scale: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 not at all somewhat very much NATURAL: I’ll keep doing this activity because it will feel “natural” to me and I’ll be able to stick with it. ENJOY: I’ll keep doing this activity because I will enjoy doing it; I’ll find it to be
In the field of therapy, there are numerous of therapy available out there for different type of individuals and situations as well. There is one type of therapy that usually contains people and animal, it is animal-assisted therapy is a therapeutic approach that brings animals and individuals with physical and/or emotional needs together to perform the therapy. Animal-assisted therapy tend to be focused on individuals either children or elderly for them to be able to connect with the animal thus feeling comfortable talking with the therapist. Pet therapy works for all ages, whether sick or not (Lanchnit, 2011). Although, this paper, most of the focus is on animal-assisted therapy towards children using dogs.
There are lots of people who can benefit from pet therapy. People who can benefit from pet therapy are people having denture problems, receiving cancer treatment, people in long term facilities, people hospitalized with chronic heart failure, and veterans with PTSD (Post-traumatic stress disorder.) Not just people who are dealing with the struggling events can benefit from pet therapy. The person's family can also benefit from pet therapy because they know the person will not be alone anymore. The person's friends can benefit from
This helpful form of cognitive therapy has been proven by several researchers from the NIH (News in Health) to reduce stressors and improve cardiovascular function for long term benefits. One particular NIH study researched the effects of animal companionship in 421 adults who had previously suffered from heart attack or stroke. Regardless of the severity of the attack, the study showed that after a one year later the patients who owned a dog lived longer and happier lives than those who did not. Pet owners are shown to live a more active lifestyle and exercise regularly to improve physical health. ‘Several psychologist’s and doctors nationwide are researching the benefits of incorporating animal assisted therapy within medical institutions to promote wellness and positivity. The heart rates and cholesterol levels of patients also reduced substantially due to the stress-relieving benefits of participating in AAT. Animals of all kinds have been shown throughout many credible research experiments to enhance an individual’s mental and physical health over