Fresh Water For Tuvalu : Project And Health Issue

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Fresh Water for Tuvalu Celine Wilson California Baptist University Fresh Water for Tuvalu Project and Health Issue In the peaceful island country of Tuvalu, there is no genocide, no civil unrest, but no fresh water source. Rainwater harvesting is the primary source of fresh water. Rainwater collected from roofs, to gutters, and stored in tanks; unfortunately, these tanks are poorly maintained, or damaged by tropical cyclones, resulting in a lack of water (Kingston, 2012). Three out of the nine islands that make up the country of Tuvalu have a natural water source; however, the three islands with a natural water source, have issues with their septic system, and it contaminates their aquifer, and its thin fresh water lens. The purpose of this paper is to provide the country of Tuvalu a plan to establish a permanent desalinization plant for the country to have a consistent source of safe, clean drinking water. Background Information about region Tuvalu is an island nation, comprising of six atolls and three reef islands (Tilling & Fihaki, 2009). It is located south of the Pacific Ocean by other islands such as Samoa, and Fiji. It was a Commonwealth of the United Kingdom until December 1974. Because Tuvalu is by the Equator, it has a tropical climate all year round. According to Tilling & Fihaki, “The average annual rainfall is 3,000 mm although rainfall can exceed 4,000 mm per annum at times, though Tuvalu often experiences droughts because of its location near

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