Freud And Erikson Essay

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Introduction: When we are living in the human society, the issue of human developmental has been related to one within the human society. As we know there are several developmental theories forwarded by the world’s most famous psychologists. But the two main theories which we concern are
Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Sigmund Freud was a supporter of Erikson’s psychosocial theory. The human’s development occurs in a series of predetermined stages, this believed by the two psychologists.
Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development: Erik Erikson’s ideas have become the best known, because his model of psychosocial development is a very significant,
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There are conscious mind, preconscious mind and unconscious mind. When these components are in conflict with one another it creates tension and emotional problems. Freud in his theory of personality development proposed five phases of psychosexual development. These include oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency stage and genital stage. If these psychosexual stages completed successfully, it resulted in a healthy person.
Compare and contrast of Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson theory: Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory have common ideas when I examined these two theories. In both theories, the stages are set apart by distinct areas of development that each individual has to overcome in a balanced way. Erikson’s theory followed Freud’s and was based on many of his ideas he developed his theory. The two theorists recognize the importance of the unconscious on development. They both also separate development into stages of a person’s life and utilize similar age divisions for these developmental stages. However, both theories say that childhood trauma can distort the development of
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In this stage children start sucking, feeding from mother and biting. Erikson called this stage of development as trust versus mistrust. Infant is utterly depend, on the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers.
Both believe that child develops their sense of trust at this stage.
Next, Freud called the anal stage of development, and Erikson called this stage as autonomy versus shame and doubt. Children at this stage develop their sense of independence and toilet training is an important focus of this independence. Erikson believes that learning to control one’s body leads to a feeling of control and a sense of independence. Freud says the success of the stage is based on the how caregivers successfully manage.
As in the ages three to six Freud called this stage as the phallic stage and the Erikson called initiative versus guilt. Freud says in this stage, boys are influenced by sexual attachment to their mothers and girls are influenced by their fathers and children identify with same – sex parent. During this stage according to Erikson, children start to assert their authority and control over their areas of
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