Freud And Erikson's Theory Of Development

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Both Freud and Erikson were of European background – Freud was Viennese and Erikson was a German from Frankfurt. After meeting Anna Freud while working in Vienna, Erikson decided to pursue the field of psychoanalysis. He studied child development at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute through the Montessori method, which focused on psychosexual and developmental stages. Erikson married Joan Serson, a dancer and artist, in 1930, who helped him to develop his psychosocial development theory. Erikson, his wife, and young son fled the Nazi uprising for the Unites States in 1933. Erikson’s mother was Jewish. The Eriksons first settled in Boston where Erikson became the first male to practice child psychoanalysis, and where he met psychologist Kurt Lewin…show more content…
GoodTherapy.org provides a good information about Erikson and gives a list of the 8 stages of psychological development. The stages focus on a central conflict and in Erikson theory of development, children don't automatically complete each stage on a predetermined schedule. Instead, people face generalized challenges throughout life, and the ways in which they answer these challenges determine whether they develop further or stagnate at a particular stage of development. Erikson’s eight stages and associated challenges include: 1. Infancy: basic trust vs. basic mistrust. A baby will either develop basic trust in his or her caregiver or will grow to view the world as a dangerous place, depending upon whether the baby gets sensitive, nurturing care. 2. Early childhood: autonomy vs. shame and doubt. Children can either develop a sense of competence and independence or deep shame. This development is intimately related to toilet
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