Freud And Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Essay

2531 Words11 Pages
Freud And Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist and at the forefront of the humanist movement in psychology, proposed a theory concerning basic human motivations that are based upon a hierarchy of needs. (Boeree 1998, 2006) Often described or pictured as a pyramid, basic physiological drives like thirst, hunger and sleep, as well as the need for safety, shelter and some feeling of security are the motivational needs that occupy the bottom tiers of the pyramid.. They provide the foundation for higher levels of needs to become present and available that the individual is aroused or driven to attain. Once those physiological and safety needs are met then the individual looks to love and be loved, to belong
…show more content…
While the constraints of brevity in paper length and the minimal knowledge held by the author of the life of Sigmund Freud does not do justice to the complex person that is Freud, we can still hopefully garner a better understanding of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the person that is Sigmund Freud. While concerning ourselves more with Freud the person, as opposed to how his work or theories might fit into Maslow's pyramid, let's move Freud through the five original levels of Maslow's hierarchy and see what we might learn of both Maslow's theory, and Sigmund Freud.

Maslow's foundation tier, the one upon which all others are built upon, is the physiological need. Air to breathe, food and water, and adequate sleep are all basic biological needs that the individual must have met. Not only to be motivated by the next level of need in the hierarchy, but to survive. The body's biological drives to fulfill these needs will predominate all other activities, as the very life of the organism is at stake. ( Boeree 1998, 2006)

Built just atop these most basic of biological needs is a need for safety. Shelter is imperative for the survival and growth of the individual and her immediate loved ones. Beyond just shelter, however, the safety need motivates the
Get Access