Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Analyzes Modern Day Texts

1910 Words8 Pages
From the time of the Victorian Era, theorists have analyzed the mind and how it works. Many consider Sigmund Freud the father of psychology. According to Freudian theory, humans are controlled by three personalities throughout life; the id, ego, and super ego. However, we are not born with all three. Instead, “we are born with our id” (“Structural Model”). At the age of three, the second part of the unconscious mind, the ego, is developed. Later, when the child is five, or ending his or her phallic stage of development, the super ego structure is developed (“Structural Development”). Using psychoanalytic theory, we are able to analyze many modern day texts. Throughout the novels Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (hereafter referred to as B:…show more content…
Although we only have one structure of personality as babies, by the time we are three, another structure starts to take effect. Although there are many characters in B: DKR, the graphic novel solely focuses on Bruce Wayne as Batman. However, there are a multitude of examples of the id in control. For one, Wayne is continuously bothered by his id which wants him to return to fighting crime as Batman. In the beginning of the novel, Wayne’s id taunts him, “You are nothing, a hollow shell, a rusty trap that cannot hold me” (“B: DKR”, 25). His id goes on to say, “You cannot stop me, but still you try, still you run” (“B: DKR”, 25). This shows that his id is clearly in control and Wayne’s ego has an insignificant amount of authority. Secondly, while fighting crime on his first night, Wayne is not able to keep up with the younger criminals as he could have when he was younger however; his id pushes him to continue. Wayne thinks, “This should be agony, but I am a man of thirty, twenty again” (“B: DKR”, 34). This reiterates the point that his impulse is strictly controlled by his id. Lastly, when Wayne loses his fight to the Mutant gang’s leader, he does not give up the war. Instead, his animalistic character wants to kill the gang’s leader and so he returns once again to settle his inner dispute. In Batman’s final encounter with the Mutant gang’s leader, Batman thinks, “He’s fast, faster than I am. And stronger” (“B:

More about Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Analyzes Modern Day Texts

Open Document