Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development Essay

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Psychology is defined as the science of mind and behavior its immediate goal is to understand humanity by both discovering general principles and exploring specific cases. There have been numerous developments of psychology thanks to the magnificent works of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Sigmund Freud. Each discovery has its own point of view; Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development point was made for parents and teachers challenge the child's abilities, Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development was based on the understandings of moral concepts such as justice, rights, equality and human welfare. The Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development centered on the effects of the sexual pleasure drive on the individual psyche.
Jean Piaget is
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Doing his research Piaget noticed the children used classification which simple means they put certain things together in groups to have better understands of the of the common features. A more advanced type of grouping is Class Inclusion which basically means a sub-group inside of a group is known as class inclusion. Piaget came up with four different stages in his research; Sensori-motor, Pre-operational, Concrete operational, Formal operational. Sensori-motor is the stage that ranges from birth until they reach two. In this stage the baby looks at its surroundings and differentiates itself from everything else. The baby sees himself as an agent of action and begins to act intentionally, like if they shake their rattle they will hear a noise that they created. From the ages of 2-7 the Pre-operational stage is in play where the child begins to learn language and to recognize objects by pictures in the mind and words heard. Also in this stage the child starts to group together certain objects by classifications, group together all blue toys without caring about the type of toy or putting all the same type of toys together regardless of color. At the age of 7-11 Concrete operational stage the child will start thinking logically about objects and events as in the conservation of number, mass, and weight. Formal operational is the final stage starts at 11 and goes up and can think logically…