Friedrich Nietzsche And William James

974 Words Apr 11th, 2016 4 Pages
Friedrich Nietzsche and William James were philosophers who examined the search for truth and its application in modern society. While both scholars were contemporaries and concentrated on the function of truth, Nietzsche’s philosophy advocated a scientific approach which renounced all religious frameworks, while James’ theory enabled one to find truth even in the metaphysical.
In “The Portable Nietzsche,” Nietzsche investigates the meaning of truth in the apparent world and its relationship to the proposed existence of God. More specifically, the philosopher attempts to explain how our world is misguided by the moral framework propagated by Christianity. This religion promises a God created “true world,” but only for those who are the most pious and repentant. However, even as this promise becomes more distant and obscure, the quest for everlasting life still creates a pervasive set of morals that taint one’s views of truth in the apparent world. Hence, the only way to overcome this obstacle and attain truth in this (apparent) world, is by divesting from the beliefs and moral framework created by Christianity.
Nietzsche’s argument begins by questioning what is the meaning of truth? Is it an absolute, or as Nietzsche believes, the result of “arbitrary abstraction,” that derives its meaning from the individual’s experiences, language and perspectives? (45) Hence, truths are basically “illusions,” influenced by a prescribed set of virtues preached by Christianity and…
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