An outburst in growth of America’s big city population, places of 100,000 people or more jumped from about 6 million to 14 million between 1880 and 1900, cities had become a world of newcomers (551). America evolved into a land of factories, corporate enterprise, and industrial worker and, the surge in immigration supplied their workers. In the latter half of the 19th century, continued industrialization and urbanization sparked an increasing demand for a larger and cheaper labor force. The country's transformation from a rural agricultural society into an urban industrial nation attracted immigrants worldwide. As free land and free labor disappeared and as capitalists dominated the economy, dramatic social, political, and economic
America had a huge industrial revolution in the late 1800”s. Many changes happened to our great nation, which factored into this. The evidence clearly shows that advancements in new technology, a large wave of immigrants into our country and new views of our government, helped to promote America’s huge industrial growth from the period of 1860-1900.
As the age of Reconstruction ended, the Gilded Age of big businesses began in the United States and with it came new jobs and goods for Americans. When new corporations became more successful, it made an immense impact on the economy, the political system and the lives of citizens. Economically, the cost of food and living went down significantly as well as a surplus of jobs. Political leaders were corrupted by big business as their decisions and laws were influenced by the wealthy class’ bribes and stealing from the common man. Though mass production allowed goods to be made quicker and in greater quantity, the workers’ horrible working conditions and remarkably long hours caused the creation of unions and strikes. Despite the great effect big business had on the economy in the Gilded Age through the decline in the cost of food and fuel, the daily lives of average working-class citizens were negatively impacted by long hours, horrid working conditions leading to unions and a corrupted political system.
With the growth of industry in the United States, the population of cities began to grow substantially (Tovanche Lecture). They started providing job opportunities in factories, offices, and other places as well. The cities became the main center of wealth and also poverty. A huge class of the impoverished lived in slums. Some even lived underground in the sewers, and a huge percentage of the poor came from newly arrived immigrants who were coming to America in large numbers from poor
Since working on the land wasn’t the most guaranteed way to make money families quickly uprooted and left with what they could to the surrounding areas of textile mills and other forms of factories. After some time with the general consensus being that working in the factories was a stable way to make money more and more people moved out to these areas causing the population to grow higher and higher by the minute, giving birth to what we now know as cities. Not only did America progressing heart those located in rural areas here, but on a global
As the economy grew the hopes and dreams of million of people did as well. During this era the United States welcomed a lot of immigrants looking for jobs in factories. Most of the people migrating were from lower classes looking for jobs opportunities. These people settled near the factories and created small communities with people that shared their same culture. As document A illustrates there were millions of workers supporting different industries. The arrival of many immigrants allowed the interaction of
This leader provided the town with sustenance, protection, and leadership that the people needed to function properly. As the town’s diameter grew larger towards the city walls, space became scarce, and the walls were knocked down and expanded to accommodate more people. And when the town grew too big for its walls, another town was created in a new location. As time progressed, so did the expansion of human developments and technology. Man developed the boat, the railroad system, and most importantly, the steam engine. These things greatly broadened the horizons of travel, trade, and economic prosperity. In the mid 1800’s, America experienced the start of the industrial revolution, and wealth became abundant to the merchant class (the owners of product developing companies). With this new wealth, the business leaders found that life in the busy cities was not to their liking, so they began the suburban movement to the country. Here they found life to be much more tolerable and rewarding. However, this life was only shared among the economically elite, (which was only a fraction of the total population), and did not see a massive interest until William Levitt created Levittown.
as trade was again restricted by the British who placed naval blockades. The budgetary crisis was made so much worse by the banning of the First Bank of the United States. But admiringly it was reestablished quick right after the war. The lack of imported goods quickly gave strong encouragement to start building several U.S. industries mainly located in the Northeast. Many industries in the U.S. had set up profitably during the wars, and approximately half of the industries failed after hostilities broke.
Once the completion of the War of 1812 took place, the federal government strive to gain many policies to build up the national economy. The Second Bank of the US was created in 1816, after the first national bank’s charter had lapsed. It helped level the economy by assisting with creating currency that worked nationally. The BUS helped create loans for farmers, small manufacturers, and regulation of state banks to be able to provide their own currency. Also during the time of 1816, Congress ended up creating the Tariff of 1816, which ended up inputting taxes on assorted imported goods, to help assist with safeguarding America’s iron and textile from the competition of the British. When Monroe, Adams, and Madison, all came together, they advocated for a dynamic economic role for the federal government, which included, the creation of a nation bank, tariff to be able to protect Americans, and federal funded internal improvements, which were the construction of canals and roads to assist with the flow of goods and people. Within
Big businesses caused the government to have little to no power as they controlled almost everything. From 1870-1900 many corporations grew significantly in the United States. The economics changed greatly. Many jobs were created during this time period and many women began to work in factories. (Document 9)
Jefferson didn’t like the idea of the national bank. He thought that giving the federal government too much power would lead into kayos. The British inundated the U.S market with cheap imports to strangle U.S industry. Scared about the situation, the republicans passed the tariff of 1816, the first protective tariff in U.S history.
The migration of Americans from farms to cities and the massive amount of immigration provided an abundant supply of cheap labor. Industrialists saw no
The Widespread Effects of Big Business The rise of big business during the 19th century has greatly shaped modern American life. The effects of the Industrial Revolution and the rise of “Big Business” continue to be felt today and have paved the road upon which the country continues to develop. The growth of big business has had dramatic effects on the lives of Americans politically, socially, and economically. The increase in population called for industrialization in order to meet the demands of society and to provide for their needs and desires.
“As the growth of industrial development increased so did the accumulation of massive industries and corporations”. This had changed The United States of America into being urbanized instead of being a rural area. Then many businessmen like Andrew Carnegie, John D Rockefeller, and Cornelius Vanderbilt had big industrial tycoons which had a massive benefit for them and for their society because they had an increase in mass production which ultimately changed the face of the United States of America from being a rural society into being an urban society.