Fruit Flies : A Genetic Analysis Of Inheritance Essay

2508 Words Oct 19th, 2016 11 Pages
Fruit Flies: A Genetic Analysis of Inheritance in Drosophila melanogaster

Introduction
Mendelian Genetics Gregor Mendel, the father of genetics, discovered principles of inheritance through breeding peas of different color and texture. He crossed several types of peas to investigate dominance relationships, variability, and genetic probability. Through his experiments, he laid down the foundation of inheritance that geneticists use to this day (Griffiths, 2015). From these crosses, Mendel pioneered modern genetics by developing seven laws of inheritance. The first and second law are investigated in this experiment. Mendel’s first law of inheritance is also known as the law of equal segregation. This law states that the two members of a gene pair segregate equally into gamete cells. In other words, each sex cell contains only one copy of a gene. Mendel discovered the second law—now known as the law of independent assortment—while studying dihybrid crosses. This law states that genes assort independently during gamete formation. This explains how there are different combinations of different phenotypes. In peas, for example, yellow color is not always associated with a round shape. There can be different combinations of round and wrinkled shape with yellow and green color (Griffiths, 2015). Though there are some exceptions to this rule, such as linked genes and sex-linked genes, the traits investigated in this experiment strictly follow Mendelian inheritance.
A monohybrid…
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