Functional Behavior Assessments and Behavior Support Plans

1202 WordsApr 23, 20125 Pages
Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Support Plan Haley Floyd Grand Canyon University: SPE 522 September 21, 2011 Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Support Plan The importance of the Functional Behavior Assessments lies in the 1997 Reauthorization of IDEA that mandates “the use of FBA and BPS to address chronic and excessive problem behaviors” (Wheeler & Richey, 2010). More specifically IDEA states in Sec. 1414(d)(3)(B)(i), that: “In the case of a child whose behavior impedes his or her learning or that of others, the child’s IEP team must consider, when appropriate, strategies, including positive behavior intervention strategies and supports to address that behavior” (Wheeler & Richey, 2010) The…show more content…
Once these questions are answered, then the observation of the behaviors and the collection of data can begin. There are several methods for the collection of data. The first method is referred to as the “A-B-C Analysis” (Wheeler & Richey, 2010). This analysis is looking for the antecedent variable the may trigger behavior, the behaviors themselves, and the consequences of the behaviors. Frequency recording simply looks for the frequency in which the student engages in these behaviors; this method is beneficial when the behaviors have a clear and noticeable beginning and ending. The scatter-plot analysis has many benefits. Not only is it useful for frequency charting but also for charting the “pattern of these behaviors, such as setting, time of day, the presence or absence of certain people, an activity, or a contingency of reinforcement” (Wheeler & Richey, 2010). Other methods include focusing on the length of time a student is engaged in behavior, and the occurrence of a behavior during a specified interval. Upon the completion of an FBA, all of the data will be compiled to “summarized and hypotheses statements will be generated regarding the environmental events associated with the
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