Functionalism Of The Turing Machine

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1. Introduction:
In 1996 Deep Blue, a chess playing computer beat Garry Kasparov in a game of chess. Kasparov would go on to win the match but in 1997 the result went the other way with Deep Blue winning the match (IBM 1997).
One thought that resulted from the match was that there was no essential difference between Deep Blue and Kasparov when it came to playing chess, that with Deep Blue we recreated the “mentality” involved in playing chess, that we had the foundations correct and that it was only a matter of time before other mental capacities were recreated culminating in the eventual creation of something very mind like (Larson 1997).
This essay will critique the view that a machine can think and as a consequence Functionalism, specifically
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96). The Turing machine will be realized by the population of China by way of two-way radio communication with an artificial body, and a group of satellites spelling out the current state of the body (Block 1978 p. 96). Depending on the current state of the body, inputs to it sends out certain radio signals to a person or group of people who then implement the machine table, by sending back certain output radio signals to the body and presumably the satellites to indicate the change in state (Block 1978 p.…show more content…
The person is a native English speaker and doesn’t understand a word of Chinese. He receives Chinese symbols and is asked to manipulate them according to certain rules he has at his disposal in the form of a rulebook in English. The manipulated symbols are produced as a result (Searle 1980 p. 3). To the questioner or observer the answers are indistinguishable from those that a native Chinese speaker would produce. The difference is that the Native Chinese speaker can be said to understand the questions and answers whereas the Native English speaker manipulating the symbols does not (Searle 1980 p.
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