Functionalist Theory On Gambling

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If the functionalist theory explains why the percentage of women aged 45-64 who are problem gamblers has increased since 1998, then that would mean women aged 45-64 are discontent with society or feel unable to reach the goals and means set up by society. Gambling, in this case being their “harmless” expression to their current circumstance. A theory would be that women aged 45-64 are a lot more stressed out by society or circumstances than they were during 1998, which leads to the deviance, in this case gambling, which works as the response to not being able to cope with the stress and expectations put up by society.

One possible reason as to why women are more stressed and have higher expectations today is that more women are working today than in 1998. As women start focusing on their careers they are still expected to do household work, as a stay at home wife would. Figure 1 which
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Among the men, majority of the problem gamblers claimed they had poor psychological health, while majority of the female problem gamblers claimed they had good psychological health. One argument could be that the problem gamblers use gambling to deal with their stress, so they feel like they have a good psychological health. However, if applying the functionalist theory this argument would be weak since the functionalist theory says that the act of deviance is a sign that the person is discontent with something, or unable to reach the goals set up to society. If the functionalist theory was correct, that women are under more stress leading them to gamble more, then they would state that there psychological health is poor, because they would be discontent with something. It is also important to remember that this is what the problem gamblers claim themselves, and some of them may not want to admit how they really are doing
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