Functionalist View on Crime

1262 Words Feb 1st, 2018 5 Pages
Deviance and social norms vary greatly among different societies, communities and times. Crime is considered an activity which breaks the immediate laws of the society an individual is a part of. The nature that determines whether and act is one of crime or deviance is clearly outlined by a set of formal laws which individuals are expected to follow. Deviance on the other hand is behavior that is recognized as violating expected societal rules and norms. It something more than non-conformity, however it’s still regarded as behavior that significantly differs from social expectation. Deviance is looked at in terms of group processes m definition and judgments. An act of deviance might not always be seen as illegal however are controlled through means of informal control such as social media, media, schools, social groups. However in some cases acts that are seen as Deviant by one group, are seen as acceptable and even desirable by others. Many sociologists have attempted to find the reasons why this is the case and thus this has led to the development of the; Functionalist, Marxist and, Strain and the Labeling theory.

The “architect” of the original functionalist view on crime was a sociologist by the name of Emile Durkheim (1897). He reasoned that Crime was endemic to all societies in the same way that suicide was ( it should be noted that…
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