Fundamentals of Organizational Communication Essay

784 Words 4 Pages
Motivation, according to the textbook (Fundamentals of Organizational Communication), is a term to describe interpersonal experiences that influence behavior. Motivation can also be described as unseen internal reactions with which have influenced behavior. This means that we don’t see the actual motivation; it is the behavior that we see. With high motivation, individuals are more likely to complete certain tasks with a positive outcome. It is the driving force that we rely on to help us achieve goals.
Who can be labeled a motivator? Anyone, including oneself.
Our book mentions a number of social scientists that have studied the concept of motivation for behavior and have developed theories, one of those being American professor of
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Without having this need met, many people may become lonely and/or become clinically diagnosed with either social anxiety or depression. Maslow defines the next tier in his Hierarchy of Needs, esteem and prestige, as the need to have self-esteem, self-respect, and to be respected by others. As with all the other levels in the hierarchy of needs, esteem and prestige are subjective in that each person has their own definition as to what or how much respect and/or fame they actually want. Sitting at the top of Maslow’s hierarchy is the need for self actualization. Self-actualization can be defined as the desire to become more and more what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming. Maslow further clarified this need with the quote, “What a man can be, he must be.”
Another social scientist that also developed a theory on what he believed motivation to be is American psychologist, Frederick Herzberg. He theorized that job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction act independent of each other and called it Motivation-Hygiene Theory. The theory suggests that satisfaction and dissatisfaction are not total opposites, meaning that correcting job dissatisfaction will not necessarily improve or produce job satisfaction. He divided his theory into two parts, hygiene factors and motivators; hence the name, Motivation-Hygiene Theory. Herzberg proposes that hygiene factors, such as status, job security, interpersonal relationships, and benefits,