Future Of Gmo Essay

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GMOs and The Future of Agriculture For millennia, humans have implemented the process of selective breeding to produce desired traits in their crops and livestock. The process was simple: if a larger crop was preferred, larger plants were selected to be bred. Despite their limited knowledge of genetics, early humans possessed the ability to shape the genetic makeup of the plants and animals around them to precisely fit their nutritional needs. Most modern fruits and vegetables such as corn, bananas, wheat, and rice were developed through generations of selective breeding of their much smaller, mostly unrecognizable, predecessors. Twelve thousand years after the dawn of agriculture, modern technology has enabled a new way of improving such…show more content…
Research conducted by David Zilberman concludes: “Bt corn has an estimated yield of 34 percent more in the Philippines, 11 percent in South Africa, 9 percent in Argentina and 5 to 6 percent each in the U.S. and Spain, according to his study” (Finz). The author points out the benefit in crop yield through the use of GM crops in nations which are still developing or partially developed, such as the Philippines and South Africa, which can help boost food production in local communities. Another benefit of GM crops is the reduced price at which farmers can sell their crops. Robert Paarlberg of Harvard University speculates: “If increased farm productivity from the use of transgenic varieties boosts food production and lowers the price of food staples in poor countries (especially in South Asia and Africa), the nutritional circumstances of poor rural and urban consumers will improve” (Paarlberg 167). Increases in crop yield like those described by Zilberman affect global food prices much like Paarlberg predicted: as the supply of GM crops increases, the demand for these products decreases, therefore reducing the price. Subsequently, the profits of farmers using GM seeds increase dramatically, as suggested in an article in Science in the News of Harvard
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