Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821- 1881) is one of the most famous and widely translated Russian

900 WordsApr 23, 20194 Pages
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821- 1881) is one of the most famous and widely translated Russian writers in the world. He was born in 1821, in Moscow, one of eight children of a staff doctor at the Mariinskii Hospital for the Poor. Dostoevsky was educated first at home, then at the age of 17 he was sent to the Academy for Military Engineers to study engineering. After training as a draftsman, Dostoevsky embarked on the literary career. 1846 saw the publishing of his first book, Poor Folk that was instant success with the critics. However, his second work The Double, written in the same year, was received coldly. During this time, he had joined the circle of young intellectuals, and began attending meetings headed by Petrashevsky. In…show more content…
During this period his wife, Maria, and his brother Michael died. He left with financial responsibility for the magazine, Epokha, which he and his brother had been jointly running and for the son of his late wife from her first marriage. Dostoevsky was devastated, sank into deep depression and suffered from a gambling compulsion, which resulted in massive debts. His epileptic seizures, which may have started in 1839, increased in frequency. Perhaps this also induced him to return to creative writing. In 1864, he published Notes from Underground (1864), a subtle psychological study of an outsider. In 1867, while working on the novel The Gambler, the most autobiographical of his novels, Dostoevsky met and fell in love with Anna Grigoryevna Snitkina, his 22-years old stenographer. After wedding in that same year, Dostoevsky and Anna left Russia and they spent several years traveling in Germany, Italy, and Switzerland until 1871. Abroad he wrote The Idiot (1868-69), and The Possessed (1872) -- both dealing with the deep philosophical and ethical matters. When The Possessed turned out to be a success, he returned to Russia. 1876 found Dostoevsky embarking upon another monthly publication, The Diary of a Writer, in which he gathered together stories, polemics, replies to his critics, and journalistic commentary on Russian news items such as the latest

More about Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821- 1881) is one of the most famous and widely translated Russian

Open Document