Crime Prevention Programs To stop, reduce or deter crimes from happening is called crime prevention. In order to prevent crime one must understand why crime is committed. There are many theories to help understand why crime exists and what causes it, once this is determined, a way to prevent or deter it can be determined. In this essay, we will discuss two such programs Gang Resistance Education And Training (G.R.E.A.T.) and McGruff the Crime Dog. The G.R.E.A.T. program has been around for 30 years and is a national and international gang and violence prevention program. The program is evidence based, meaning that there is statistical data that backs up the success of the program. The program centered on the youth and intended to teach children…show more content… • Crime prevention action should be grounded in research, tested approaches, and aided by evaluation (NCPC.ORG).
The program was rather quick to turn results. In 1982 burglary rates in major cities dropped as much as 50%. McGruff saw the creation of neighborhood watch programs, the community started to take notice as to how their awareness and participation could actually assist law enforcement. A 1987 market research study showed that nine out of 10 teens and adults taking crime prevention measures trusted McGruff, and an astonishing 97% of children said they tried to do what McGruff told them to do (AEF). 1992 saw the introduction McGruff’ s nephew Scruff. Scruff’s purpose was primarily children between the ages of five and nine. The success of this program is clear when as of today more than 90% of children and young adults recognize McGruff and his purpose. Our textbook addresses situational crime prevention this was first popularized in the 1970’s by Oscar Newman (Siegel 115-116). The two programs addressed previously are meant to address this issue. When people are educated in what to look for and how to behave it can make a difference in our society. The purpose of situational crime prevention is target specific crimes. Derek Cornish and Ronald Clarke developed five strategies to help eliminate and reduce crime, they…show more content… The strain theory suggests that people who feel unequal around those they perceive to be successful, can become frustrated in their own perceived failures. Causing the strain on their life and perhaps turning them to crime as a means to success. As it relates to gangs, youth who grow up in areas where gangs are present and fall in to this category, see gangster life as a quick way to success. They are impressed with the fear that forces respect from others, the “easy money” and the loyalty amongst its members. Sadly, gang members know this and exploit these as fertile recruiting areas.
Over the course of this essay we have discussed crime prevention programs, theories and the results of such programs. As a society it is incumbent upon the citizenry to be conscience of what goes on in they’re communities and to assist our law enforcement professional in any way possible to deter and reduce crime and its effects on our well being.
It is still this student’s opinion that crime prevention begins at home with the strength of the family. It is no secret that a child who grows up in a two parent household has a better chance in our society than one who doesn’t. A strong economy is also a key factor the prevention of crime. While we will never be free of crime in its entirety we can take the necessary steps to prevent it and it starts at home.
It is the duty of parents to maintain their children decently,