Essay about Gaius Julius Caesar

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Gaius Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar has been described as one of the most influential political and military leaders in history. He began the Roman transition from a republic to an empire. Caesar united Rome under his ruthless power; he controlled religion, senate, and the military. He almost made himself emperor, and this was the fact that inspired his assassination.
Caesar was born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC. He started his education early, as a young man he was placed under the tutorship of M. Antonius Gnipho, a freeborn native of Gaul. Antonius was a well-educated man, and well read in Greek and Latin. Caesar was a product of what could be called the Roman Renaissance; he was well educated in the culture of
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Antistius Vetus, praetor of Spain. Shortly before he took his position he lost his aunt and his wife. When he returned to Rome and married Pompeia, this strange marriage has been considered a politically tactical move in order to gain an eventual strategic advantage.
In 67 BC Pompey the Great had supreme command in the east. Licinius Crassus a rich partician, was bitterly jealous of Pompey’s successes. These two men rivaled for the next dictatorship, so in order to keep up with Pompey, Crassus needs the popular support of the people. Who better to help Crassus then the outspoken and popular Julius Caesar, this alliance was considered a marriage de convenance. Caesar was a governor in Spain for a year, he returned in 60 BC. It was at this point that Julius formed a three-way alliance with Crassus and Pompey. This was known as the First Triumvirate. To cement their relationship further, Caesar gave his daughter Julia to Pompey in marriage. Now properly backed Caesar was elected to consul in 59 BC, despite Optimate hostility, the year after he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul.
The Gallic wars started in 58 BC, this is because the Helvetii, a Gallic people, were invading a Roman allied tribe known as the Aedui. Caesar marched to Cisalpinc Gaul with six legions; he defeated the Helvetii and forced them back to their homelands. An…