Galileo : A Controversial Scientific Revolution

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Galileo Galilei is arguably the most famous proponent of the heliocentric model proposed by Copernicus, and his work provided the foundation for much of modern astronomy and physics. His discoveries of the motion of planets within the solar system not only proved the Copernican theory true, which was a controversial scientific revolution for the time. However, he was ordered to recant his works and denounce the heliocentric system after being convicted of “vehement suspicion of heresy.” This was a detrimental move not only for natural philosophers everywhere, but a poor decision for the church as well, which is evident when the situation is critically analyzed. Galileo’s work contradicted a ruling made by the church in the Index of 1616, and he sought not only to avoid his work being discredited, but to restore the work of Copernicus to what he saw as its rightful place. While the “qualifiers” amassed by Rome decided Nicolaus Copernicus’s work On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres was not dangerous so long as it was only regarded as a theory instead of a definite explanation due to its heretical nature , Galileo sought to prove otherwise. He argued that as the Pope himself sought out Copernicus, and revered his work so highly as to be the man chosen to adjust the calendar to which all of the Christian world adhered and no one had bothered to object to his theories until proof had been found, that they ought to reconsider. He further bolsters his argument with
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