Gandhi : The Father Of India

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi: The Father of India “Generations to come, it may be”, Einstein once said about Gandhi, “will scarcely believe that such one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon earth.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, more commonly known as “Mahatma” (meaning “Great Soul”) was a spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement, who was born on 2 October 1869. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha – resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total nonviolence – which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is known as the Bapu (Father) and also referred as the father of nation in India. In May 1883, Gandhi, who was only thirteen years old married a fourteen year old girl Kasturba Makhanji. Remembering about the day of their marriage Gandhi once said that “As we didn’t know much about marriage, for us it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets and playing with relatives” (Mishra 2). In 1885, when Gandhi was just fifteen, his first child was born, but would survive only a few days. Gandhi at this young age had to bear with this second shock in just a year as earlier that same year Gandhi’s father Karamchand Gandhi had also died. Gandhi had four more children’s: Harilal, born in 1888; Manilal, born in 1892; Ramdas, born in 1897 and Devdas, born in 1900 (Mishra 2). In his life Gandhi had six main principles: Truth, Non-violence,

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