Gandhi's Critique of Colonialism and His Definition of Swaraj

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Re: What is Gandhi's critique of colonialism and how does he define Swaraj? Use the class readings. Western colonialism was a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. (Encyclopedia Britannica). Gandhi's critique of British colonialism was grounded in a rejection of cultural and racial supremacy; capitalism or socioeconomic inequality; and materialism. Gandhi employed the concepts of Swaraj and satyagraha in his effort to liberate the Indian people from the stranglehold of British rule. First, British colonial rule subjugated and oppressed Indians, and enforced a system where the white British controlled the economic structure. For centuries, the British East India Company exploited the natural resources of the region, generating massive profits and forming a monopoly from sales of cotton, silk, dye, salt, tea, and opium. Acquiring a economic monopoly over India's resources allowed the East India Company to obtain assume political and legal power over India, and eventually a complete transition to British colonial government. The Indian people were prohibited from accessing or in any way controlling the resources of their own land. Over time, British culture and lifestyle infiltrated every aspect of Indian life, impacting the legal system, medicine, science, education, religion, and the very foundation of Indian society. This was problematic because Gandhi believed that

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