Gang Affiliation and Social Factors Underlying their Deviant Behavior

1460 Words Feb 4th, 2018 6 Pages
I will use the following theories to interpret and analyze this cause of deviance.

Functionalist theory/perspective
The Functionalist theory through the studies of Durkheim, states that society is comprised of a greater network of parts that contributes to its stability. The functionalist theory believes that even a person who contributes nothing positive to society is still an important part of a society that shouldn't be replaced. Functionalists see crime and deviance resulting from structural tensions and a lack of moral regulation within society. This idea is valid in our study of gangs, where crime and related deviant behaviors arise from tensions in social structures. The functionalist theory demonstrates why the lower social class is more inclined to commit crime and deviance. If a functionalist were to study gangs, they would explain how the contribute and/or detract from social stability. Some contributions include separating individuals into different groups, providing an example of deviant behavior, and encouraging the development of institutions of social control. Further, some examples of detracting the stability may include deteriorating social integration and too much liberalism for a society to take.
According to the functional perspective, gangs…
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